Saturday, May 23, 2020

Free Trade Should Encourage Those Things - 959 Words

All of us looks for full job, high expectation of living and high quality of life. Free trade should encourage those things, yet we do not have free trade. This is genuine statement since when the government negotiate, things are not as basic as they should be. The government imposes laws and limitations along with taxes, which no longer make trading free. Free trade is not what we know: high pay jobs that will lift the living standard of lower class people but it is the hunger, poverty, disease, environmental degradation. Free trade agreement set up global organizations to administer the members. it guarantees that all parties people with the terms of exchanging agreement. The issue with free trade in America is it liberality give opportunity for foreign business to control over US marketplace. This has raised in high unemployment rates due to the facts that buyers and companies can buy foreign merchandise for somewhat less than local item. As Robbins said, people are more vulnerable to hunger if opportunities for employment decrease, if wages fail, or if food price rise; they can starve even in the midst of food availability(Robbins,162). If each nation can deliver what it excels at and grants exchange, as time goes on everybody will appreciate lower costs and larger amounts of produce, income and utilization that could be accomplished in disengagement. Trade limitations that are set up by the government on foreign items bring down the way of life for AmericanShow MoreRelatedImpact Of Globalization On The World Essay952 Words   |  4 PagesThe flattening of the world due to free trade and globalization has had both negative and positive effects on states. Because the world market has begun to level out, more states are becoming technologically advanced thus increasing the global economy. However, while some states are beginning to catch up, others are remaining at the same level and are at risk for being surpassed, both technologically and economically. So, the flattening of the world is creating both winners and losers; it is importantRead MoreThe Impact Of International Trade Policy On New Zealand And Other Countries Essay1536 Words   |  7 Pages International trade policy is an important part of how the word does business and there is the underlying question about how it should be done and what part the government should play not just in New Zealand but around the world. New Zealand is a country that has great trade policies, these trade policies help create a great reputation for being free flowing and business friendly. Trade policy is defined as the laws around the exchange or goods between countries. In this essay, I will begin by discussingRead MoreThe Economic Argument For Trade1594 Words   |  7 PagesEconomic Argument for Trade? What Factors can Enforce Fair Trade? What Factors also hinder it? Trade refers to the activities of different parties that involve voluntary negotiations and exchange of goods and services between them . Trade has existed traditional with an evolution of the conventions of exchange through that different period. Initially, people exchanged goods to receive others or to gain a service from another person. The name for this strategy of business is barter trade, but it has fadedRead MoreA Brief Note On Free And Global Trade Essay936 Words   |  4 PagesPaper: Free and Global Trade Trading with other countries may come with an extra cost for United States citizens when Donald Trump is sworn into office on January twentieth. Maintaining free and global trade will become one of Americas greatest concerns, because Trump does not like the concept. Free trade is important because it has initiated drastic growth in the economy ever since NAFTA. The U.S. economy needs to keep free trade, or else there will be higher tariffs on imports, less trade with otherRead MoreGovernmental Effects On Trade Policies1450 Words   |  6 Pagesplanning. Having a business I will be taking into consideration an extreme chance of globalization and trade in context. Now there will be tariffs, business and government now getting involved in my company one way or another. All of this brings to thought why the United States saves part of the economic policies and procedures. In this assignment I will be talking about the governmental effects on trade policies and how they are used in diff erent businesses. Also included will be how doing business inRead MoreAn Inquiry Into The Nature And Causes Of The Wealth Of Nations986 Words   |  4 Pageslittle effort from a nation s government. This free market force became known as the invisible hand ( This concept greatly improved the standard of living. In my opinion, the metaphor of the invisible hand was an outstanding analysis of how the economy should be. But when you have a free market and you can sell products of your choice, you have to take competition into consideration. If I and two other people are selling the same thing within the same block, I have to make sureRead MoreEthics And Technology : Controversies, Questions, And Strategies For Ethical Computing773 Words   |  4 Pagestrademark the mark should be distinctive. The last legal framework for protection is a trade secret. A trade secret is highly valuable information that is considered crucial in the operation of a business or ente rprise. These secrets afford an actual or potential economic advantage to its owner. Trade secrets are used to protect formulas, blueprints for future products, chemical compounds, and processes of manufacturing. There are some who are skeptical that property rights should be extended toRead MoreThe Production Possibilities Frontier1083 Words   |  4 Pages1. A reduction in trade barriers has two effects on the economy. The production possibilities frontier will move outward, and the economy will move closer to the production possibilities frontier. Both outcomes are related. Freer trade creates more markets for the country for its goods and services. This allows companies to produce more, but it does not directly change the production capacity of the nation. Thus, the economy moves closer to the production possibilities frontier (Rittenberg TregarthenRead MoreChapter 6 Critical Thinking Case Essay1065 Words   |  5 Pagesother means of support, and she will probably become a street child if she is denied work. What should the American executive do?[/b] This is very common in many nations especially those that do not have child labor laws. In this case, the company already knows it is in violation of the company’s prohibition of child labor. The manager should have not hired her but ethically for him it was the moral thing to do to keep her from becoming a â€Å"street child.† This becomes a moral dilemma that challengesRead MoreThe Trade Organization ( Wto )1290 Words   |  6 PagesThe WTO Each country has their own legal framework for internal trade. Goods that we use everyday, have levels as made in China or Thailand or somewhere on this globe, so how do they end up in America? This has been made possible through the WTO. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the main institute which manages the international trade. It is created to reduce trade barriers across international borders to contribute to economic growth and development. It’s main purpose is to increase the well-being

Monday, May 18, 2020

Exploration Notes- as Level Drama and Theatre Studies-...

Exploration Notes 1) Discuss and compare the exploration of characterisation in Metamorphosis by Steven Berkoff and (A Doll’s House). Draw your own practical understanding of the skills used including use of language and voice to portray character. In our practical sessions of Modelling Gregor in â€Å"Metamorphosis†, we thought about how we would physically see Gregor. To do this, we had to individually create the shape of Gregor with our bodies. We all started off thinking about it really literally- â€Å"How would a beetle look?† rather than thinking about how our body represented Gregor and his feelings towards society. We then expanded on our thoughts about Gregor and then tried to empathise with him and think about how we would look†¦show more content†¦The legs of Gregor were made up of society, but reaching out and away from the beetle and from Gregor. We also (as a practical exercise) held hands as a whole group and twisted ourselves into a character from the play each†¦ this ended up looking abnormal, as the family’s situation is and a lot of it also looked quite painful but we were as one as a unit, as the family is. In order to characterise Nora in a Doll’s House, we used the techniques of Stanislavski because A Doll’s House is a much more naturalistic play compared to Metamorphosis. We started with a focus exercise in which we lay down on the floor and concentrated only on our breathing and our body contact with the floor. We then got thought about some key words to describe Nora’s character and tried to focus on each of them individually, letting each emotion overwhelm our bodies. We then were counted down to stand up and walk around the room as Nora, showing her feelings through non- verbal communication. We also created some tableaux of the family in a dolls house. For this we used visual, aural and spatial techniques. 2) Discuss and compare the Visual, Aural and Spatial elements and the use of non-verbal communication techniques to present issues and ideas in both plays studied. Make reference to your practical work. Visual, aural and spatial elements either have an iconic or symbolic reference. Iconic is always visual, for example a prop;

Monday, May 11, 2020

The Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams - 2151 Words

â€Å"The Glass Menagerie† is a riveting play by Tennessee Williams that takes place in 1930’s St. Lois. This play is unique in the manner that it is a memory play. The narrator, Tom Wingfield, is also one of the main characters. Tom is the son to Amanda Wingfield, and the brother to Laura Wingfield. Toms father, whom is referred to as Mr. Wingfield, left his family and has only sent one postcard from Mexico since his desertion. Although Mr. Wingfield deserted his family his picture still remains on the living room wall of the families lower middle class apartment. The play opens with Tom setting up the play for the observers. Tom tells of the background of the play. Seeing as how the play is set in the late 1930’s the working class is†¦show more content†¦Laura confesses that she has not been going to her classes. Instead she has been walking around town and enjoying other activities. Laura not going to Business College anymore sends Amanda int o turmoil. Amanda demands that the only option now is for Laura to get married. This leads the two of them into a discussion of Laura’s high school crush. Jim, he sat near Laura in chorus. Laura also tells her mother how he used to call her â€Å"Blue Rose† because he misheard Laura tell him the name of her disease. In scene three Amanda has become obsessed with finding a gentlemen caller for Laura. Amanda thinks that if the family has more money that Laura will seam more appealing to young men so she starts running a magazine subscription. Tom and Amanda also get into a huge argument in scene three. Tom is pissed that his mother offers him no privacy. He is also enraged that his mother returned his book that she refers to as filth. As Tom makes an attempt to leave Amanda â€Å"pokes the bear† by asking where he is going. Tom gets very angry and starts to yell at his mother; when his coat will not go on he throws it and accidentally breaks some of Laur a’s ornaments. Scene four is all about Tom returning home drunk. Laura hears him coming up the steps at five in the morning trying to get his keys out toShow MoreRelatedThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams985 Words   |  4 Pageshardly catch it going. ¨ This quote by the author of The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams, describes both The Glass Menagerie, a memory play, and the life of Tennessee Williams himself, for whom memories played a large role in his life. Within the play, many parallels can be drawn between the life of Williams and the life of Tom, the main character, such as a disdain for factory work. In addition, several characters in The Glass Menagerie have a difficult time fitting into the roles that theirRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams Essay940 Words   |  4 PagesTennessee Williams was a renowned Pulitzer Prize-winning playwriter for his numerous plays throughout his career. One of such plays is The Glass Menagerie. After perfec ting his play for many years, The Glass Menagerie was first introduced to Broadway on March 31, 1945. As a young writer, Williams lived vicariously through his plays. Throughout this play in particular, there are several allegories that pertain to Williams life. Although Williams had a relatively happy childhood, his life changedRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams986 Words   |  4 PagesTennessee Williams’s The Glass Menagerie, is a classic drama about a young man who is tired of his dull and boring existence. Tom, the main character, struggles to deal with his family, who is apparently holding him back in life. With the use of powerful writing techniques, Williams is able to captivate his audience and create a play that has stood the test of time. An excellent writing technique employed by Williams that contributes to The Glass Menagerie’s success is his use of plot. ThroughoutRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams932 Words   |  4 Pages THE GLASS MENAGERIE Name Instructor Institution Course Date The Glass Menagerie Tennessee Williams, the author in the play †The Glass Menagerie† that is based on his life that presents characters that, as caught animals in an cage, live in woeful states and just wish to unravel themselves from this state (Fisher, 2010). The primary clash in the story emerges through their longing to encounter a different world, but their condition opens them to life s unforgiving realities. LifeRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams1249 Words   |  5 Pagesthe outside world The Glass Menagerie is very interesting because William s play relates to alot of people and their situations, people can learn alot from it alot whether they connect to Amanda and her past or to Laura and her lack of confidence and being in a world of her own or to Tom and his internal conflict about abandoning his family or staying with them. Laura s life is all about her glass menageries what happens when her glass unicorn breaks? What happens when a gentlemanRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams1619 Words   |  7 PagesIsolation is prevalent in â€Å"The Glass Menagerie† by Tennessee Williams. This is presented in symbols such as blue roses and the glass unicorn, for they are imagined objects and only existent in another fantasy world. Williams incorporates such arcane symbols to draw out his characters, Amanda, Laura, and Tom, and how they cope with confinement. Most importantly, the symbols of the play represent how isolation debilita tes them psychologically in an attempt to connect with reality. The jonquils representRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee William1014 Words   |  5 PagesIn the play â€Å"The Glass Menagerie† of Tennessee William, he wrote a drama play to emphasize readers about the life is at a standstill the Wingfield family. Through of the Wingfield family, he uses many symbols which represent many things, but the important main symbolization is fire escape that shows three main characters; Tom Wingfield, his fire escape is the way out of Amanda and Laura. Amanda Wingfield, hope gentlemen callers to enter their lives, and Laura Wingfield, who wants in her own worldRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams1534 Words   |  7 PagesThe Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams Tennessee Williams, born Thomas Lanier Williams, wrote The Glass Menagerie, a play which premiered in Chicago in 1944. This award winning play, autobiographical in nature, represented a time in which Williams felt the obligation of his responsibilities in regards to the care of his family. Robert DiYanni, Adjunct Professor of Humanities at New York University, rated it as, â€Å"One of his best-loved plays...a portrayal of loneliness among characters who confuseRead MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams Essay876 Words   |  4 PagesIn Tennessee Williams’ The Glass Menagerie, there is a collection of glass animal figurines that belong to Laura. Laura uses those figurines to escape her reality. The â€Å"glass menagerie† is also a metaphor because all of the characters have a metaphorical glass menagerie that they use to escape their reality. Tom escapes his reality by going to the movies, drinking, and writing poetry. Tom says, â€Å"I go to the movies because – I like adventure†¦ something I don’t have much of at work† (Williams 33)Read MoreThe Glass Menagerie By Tennessee Williams867 Words   |  4 Pagesdraw the line between getting what you want and doing what you are obligated to do? In The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams, the main characters are torn between fulfilling their desires and aligning with their role in society. On the surface, Amanda Wingfield plays the role of a caring mother that would do anything in her children’s best interest. However, according to the play, â€Å"The Glass Menagerie†, you should never be fooled by the â€Å"Illusion of the truth.† She indeed values her children’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Goal of Buddhism - 1104 Words

The goal of Buddhism is to lead a group to understand the world and the truths that surround it, but it is the goal for one person to reach full enlightenment on their own. In Buddhism it is the Buddha who is the â€Å"awakened one,† and in The Matrix, Neo, known as â€Å"the One,† who become the enlightened beings as well as coming to understand the world as it truly is. In Siddhartha’s case, he seeks the truth about life after he is brought face to face with sickness, old age, asceticism and death. Just like Siddhartha, we see Neo’s life before he is introduced to the real world, one filled with unanswered questions. Just like Siddhartha’s curiosity which lead him to leave society, Neo’s curiosity to find answers lead him to Morpheus who then introduced him to the matrix. For both Siddhartha and Neo this is only the beginning of their journey towards enlightenment. The difference between these two is that unlike Siddhartha, Neo did no t have any worldly attachments except for having to leave behind the world he knew, or thought, was real. Also, unlike Siddhartha, Neo’s absence of a family made it that much easier to seek the truth. The main truths of the Buddhist world are commonly known as the Four Noble Truths. The first three truths focus on the roots of suffering and how it comes from one’s desires and attachments to â€Å"things† that we cannot actually have. The first truth, that all life is suffering, can be seen when Morpheus explains what the real world is to Neo, whoShow MoreRelatedThe Fundamental Goal Of Buddhism1543 Words   |  7 PagesThe first of the Four Noble Truths in Buddhism is that life as we know it is unsatisfactory. Life is filled with suffering; there is pain, old age, sickness and death. Nothing in the world is permanent, or able to provide substantial satisfaction. This might seem like a very cynical outlook, but the three remaining truths explain the cause of s uffering and how it can be overcome. In Buddhist doctrine, the key to overcoming suffering is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path. The first step of the EightfoldRead MoreThe Goals of Hinduism and Buddhism Essay1368 Words   |  6 Pages2. Hinduism and Buddhism are traditions that originated from the Vedic sacrifice practice, and they share a common foundation in their view of existence. What are the similarities, and very importantly, the differences in their respective focuses and goals? Also included in this topic: For a time, Buddhism became a dominant tradition in much of India, but then Hinduism rose to become the dominant tradition. There are relatively few Buddhists in India today, especially in comparison to the numberRead MoreBuddhism : Two Teachings And One Ultimate Goal3055 Words   |  13 PagesBrandi Peavy Jeremy Rottini Research Paper April 26, 2015 Buddhism: Two Teachings; One Ultimate Goal When someone mentions the word â€Å"Buddha†, one thing typically comes to mind and that is probably a fat and joyful man sitting with his legs crossed. This is a common statue for Buddhism, however that statue only represents a small aspect of the religion that we know as Buddhism. Buddhism is one of the world’s oldest and most significant religions (Malloy pg. 124). There are numerous sects withinRead MoreExploring the Moral Teachings and Life Goals Within Buddhism and Judaism1948 Words   |  8 PagesBuddhism and Judaism are both rich with moral and ethical instructions that direct their followers on how to live and act. These teachings not only guide mankind in proper behavior, but also offer obedient believers a manner in which to end strife and suffering by achieving Nirvana which brings the end to the circle of rebirth in Buddhism, and in Judaism reaching the ultimate goal of deliverance and eternal salvation. This paper will explore the similarities and diff erences between Buddhist and JewishRead MoreCompare and Contrast Hinduism and Buddhism Essay674 Words   |  3 PagesHinduism and Buddhism Some people may think that Hinduism and Buddhism are the same religions with just two different names. They aren’t, Buddhism and Hinduism both have different types of rituals, holidays, founders, and so-on. The two extensive religions of Hinduism and Buddhism have lots of information behind themselves. They are made up of cultures, rituals, practices, and many other things. â€Å"Hinduism is a collection of religious beliefs that developed slowly over a long period of timeRead MoreThe Moving Role of Buddhism in the United States1184 Words   |  5 PagesFor more than a hundred of years, Buddhism has played a moving role in the United States. At first, the teachings of Buddhism were quietly practiced among Chinese and Japanese immigrants on the west coast, but it quickly became a thriving religion in the United States performed by millions. These ambitious supporters have produced millions of books, magazines, television shows, and even movies. Different volumes on â€Å"The Art of Zen† are shelved in bookstores, [. The] the Dalai Lama has been characterizedRead MoreHinduism Vs. Buddhism970 Words   |  4 PagesHinduism and Buddhism are two of the most interesting religions in the world. To date, people still practice these religions in varying parts of the world especially in India. Although originating from Ancient India, some have difficult y in differentiating between the two. Hinduism and Buddhism share many similarities and also differ immensely. What is Hinduism? Hinduism, often referred to as Sanatana Dharma is the largest of the eastern religion and one of the oldest in the world. â€Å"HinduismRead More Hinduism Essay841 Words   |  4 Pages-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- November 19, 1997 By Jordan Bruins Buddhism/Hinduism Comparison Report Hinduism is the oldest known religion and is very rich with literally hundreds of gods, symbolistic rituals and beliefs. It is believed to have been established around 1500 B.C. but no one person founded Hinduism as it evolved over a long period of time. Buddhism on the other hand has a definite founder, Siddhartha Gautama who is otherwise known as the Buddha orRead MoreBuddhism : The Popularity Of Buddhism1306 Words   |  6 PagesBuddhism Culture in China Instructor Dr. Jack Name: Zhoudongxue Zhang Student #: 100311725 Date: 26/11/2015 The Popularity of Buddhism in China Buddhism is one of the most popular religions in the world. The Pew Research Center reports that nearly 488 million people practice Buddhism, which represents 7% to 8% of the world’s entire population. Buddhism is mainly practiced in the Asia-Pacific region with approximately 481,290,000 Buddhists, which means 99% of Buddhists live in Asia-PacificRead MoreChristian View of Buddhism764 Words   |  4 PagesBuddhism is one of the largest religions in the world, and it is continually expanding throughout the world. Buddhism comes from budhi, which means to awaken, the goal of Buddhism. Buddhism is a very open and adaptive religion. Because of this, there are over 80,000 different types of Buddhism. The two most widest beleived being Mahayanna and Theraveda. There are about 3-4 million Buddhists in America now. Buddhism is rich in history and it appeals to millions, as it spreads messages of peace

The Sixth Sense Film Analysis Free Essays

With a close up of the award, the clip begins with our view of the couple only in reflection of Malcolm’s recent award, which is made to seem meaningless as we can’t read the writing despite it being in centre of the frame. The award is in a red frame. This already seems to be warning to both Malcolm and Anna that danger could be heading their way, especially during the reflected close-up shot of the two. We will write a custom essay sample on The Sixth Sense Film Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now It also makes us wonder why this prop appears slanted on the chair. This suggests that the award is a symbol of danger. Also, the red lighting on the couple from the fire leads us to believe that they are now the central target of a dangerous presence. Which we see in upcoming events. The only sound we hear is diegetic, though its very quiet which gives off a calm atmosphere but may also suggest we should be listening for something. In the shot where the couple are reflected in the frame, we see that she is lower down than him showing the characters importance. 00:06:08 A wide shot is used to show the scenery and expensive objects. We can see that they are a wealthy couple through the setting. The large living room has what looks to be expensive furnishings and an ornate fireplace as well as a grandfather clock and chandelier in the equally big hallway. We also can assume this as Malcolm is wearing a jumper with a rowing club logo, something we often associate with richer people. The couple then head upstairs and discover the house has been broken into. The setting suddenly becomes dark and we see Anna’s shadow on the wall, She’s positioned to the right in front of the open window showing a dangerous situation, this is also hinted as her back is turned on the dark room insinuating there may be something lurking in the shadows, which is why the lighting is very low key and dull. We hear some diegetic sound though its rather quiet which helps to change the atmosphere from relaxing to a tense and suspicious one. 00:06:41 Malcolm approaches his wife to see what the problem is, with this we get a point of view shot, the camera examines the floor before tracking up to the smashed window, the shot lasts approximately 8 seconds and allows us to take in the situation. The phone on the ground makes a beeping noise similar to the sound of a warning alarm which should be seen as a warning in its self. The noise then dies out which links to Malcolm’s life later in the scene. We can assume this scene is centred around Malcolm as it’s his view we’re seeing from, it’s also his bag we see on the floor sprinkled with shattered glass as well as earlier the winning of the award. 00:06:54 A mid-shot Is used to show Malcolm being protective of his wife. As the couple have now taken off there expensive jackets/cover ups it seems they also lost the power that comes with it. 00:07:08 The camera slowly zooms towards Malcolm and straight cuts back to a point of view shot, as this happens we hear the non- diegetic music increasing the tension. As we see Malcolm begin to move we also hear the faint noise of movement from the intruder, this (as well as the camera shot) is allowing the audience to capture that the intruder is standing in the bathroom. We see in a point of view shot to add tension as well as close ups so the audience can see the expression on Malcolm’s face. Though the distance from the bathroom and the position of Malcolm isn’t far at all 13 seconds pass before we discover who is in the room, the time has been stretched out to cause more tension. 00:07:13 The first view we get of the bathroom is of the floor as the shot is still from Malcolm’s point of view, the fact we see the floor before the camera moves up shows that he isn’t confident enough to look straight ahead, the shot then is then zoomed out to create a full body shot. it’s obvious the man we see (Vincent) isn’t mentally stable due to the break in, his body language and the fact he’s took the majority of his clothes off, knowing this Malcolm speaks quietly trying to keep a clam atmosphere. As Vincent moves towards the door we hear the diagetic sound return, we also see Malcolm and his wife are aware of the danger, when Vincent moves closer and Malcolm steps back. 00:09:10 A mid-shot frame is used when Vincent starts to become angry and upset making him unpredictable and therefore more of a risk, the pan across Vincent’s face to allow us to see the emotions and then does the same to Malcolm. Vincents body language also tells the audience how unstable he is, one arm  is ‘protecting’ him throughout, he’s also very closed and shrugged which also gives off the sense of fear. The scene becomes very quiet with the only sound being whispers and crying. 00:09:51 A mid-shot is used as Vincent shoots the gun. High key lighting has been used to show whats going on as it’s done very quickly. The loud gunshot comes as a shock to the audience as it’s been very quiet which adds more shock, within seconds Vincent turns the gun on himself. The camera pans while this happens. Malcolm was shot in his rowing jumper, making it ironic that he was shot right in front of his rowing photo in which they all look happy and full of life. 00:10:27 A crane movement is used to end the scene, the screen then fades black and remains silent for a moment before playing the same non-diegetic music as earlier in the scene. The lighting is very dark and the room is a mess which represents the current situation How to cite The Sixth Sense Film Analysis, Papers

Deaf Alcoholics Essay Example For Students

Deaf Alcoholics Essay Why is it so hard for the deaf to deal with admitting they are alcoholics ordrug addicts which is an impediment for recovery? Why is it so hard for them tostay sober once they have achieved it for a few weeks or months? What do youthink the main reasons are? Having worked with the deaf for over 30 years I willtry to answer these questions and research other aspects of the deaf culture,their mode of communication and alcoholism. Although it may seem thatcommunication is an aspect of every culture, two of the unique features are thatthere is not always a common language between parents and child, and there is nowritten form of the language. Thus, the deaf culture becomes unique, and throughthis uniqueness, they become isolated both from their peers and the hearingpopulation. According to Marie Egert Rendon in her article, Deaf and Alcohol andSubstance Abuse Substance abuse is a sensitive issue about which the deafcommunity does not yet feel comfortable talking. For many with in the com munity,it remains a moral issue; the denial of pathological drinking is very strong.(Rendon, 1992) Isolation is a well-known stressor and the denial of alcohol usein the family unit has long existed in the deaf community. The family structuresand the cohesiveness of the family in their form of communications is a factorthat must be considered. The deaf have had limited or strained access to theirown cultural rights. They have been denied the right to their own language,their own community groups, and even have limited access to the majority culturebecause of communication barriers. Because of the sense of oppression, isolationhas perpetuated the denial process. In addition, language, family, friendships,and services available to the deaf culture and native language have manyinnuendoes. Since the deaf culture is built around the language that the deafpeople use- American Sign Language (ASL)- the culture is rarely accessible tothe hearing world, due to the difficulty of mastering ASL. (Rendon, 1992)Family communication includes several dimensions, among them the mode, contentand structure of communication. Mode of communication is frequently raised indiscussions about communication within families having a deaf member. Communication mode use refers to the use of speech, sign, or some other methodof face- to-face communication. (Kluwin, 1990) Because of these barriers andother misunderstandings, alcohol and drug recovery treatment programs remaininaccessible. In addition to the recognition of communication difficulties,alcohol and drug service providers need to be acknowledgeable about deafcultures, sensitive to the deaf issues, and aware of preferred methods ofcommunication, including the use of interpreters, both in treatment programs andin recovery groups. (Luetke-Stahlman, 1994) One of the biggest problems is thatthe deaf do not have sobriety long enough to be of help to other deaf people. Although that is beginning to change most are still dependent on the hearing toa degree. As the years go on the length of sobriety continues to grow. Theproblem of alcohol and substance abuse in the deaf community is a reality. Theculture of the deaf often provides a shelter and a barrier to recovery byencouraging isolation and denial. Little by little, information and educationare bringing members of the deaf community into treatment programs and, thus,the cycle of repeated alcoholism can be broken. There are treatment programsthat are specifically designed to serve the deaf, and there are programs thathave some services for the deaf. However, this breaking down of the isolationand denial barriers requires continued efforts on behalf of a community alreadystretched to its limits. The deaf alcoholic or drug-addicted individual canachieve recovery only when advocacy promoting and achieving accessibility is thereality and not the rarity. When the deaf community openly admits thatregard less of culture, race, or creed, alcoholism and drug abuse affects allcultures and that recovery is a right for everyone. It is not a stigma, and itis definitely not a moral issue. This is a lesson we need to be aware of and beof service to the deaf population. There are many more AA groups in the greaterLos Angeles area today than ever before. The deaf community is still somewhatuntrusting of the hearing community even in the closeness of the AlcoholicAnonymous home groups. It has been my experience that the deaf meeting that havebeen held for the deaf only have not faired as well as the meeting with moresobriety and with a regular ASL interpreter. There are still not enough meetingsas the hearing, but great improvements are being made. .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 , .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .postImageUrl , .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 , .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:hover , .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:visited , .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:active { border:0!important; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:active , .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895 .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u635ec0bcdb715186aa713b677daf2895:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: American Drug Abuse EssayBibliographyRendon, M., (1992) Deaf Culture and Alcohol and Substance Abuse. Journal ofSubstance Abuse. Vol. 9, pp. 103-110 Kluwin, T., (1990) Communication inFostering Cohesion in Families with the Deaf. Journal of American Annals of theDeaf. Vol. 139, No. 3 Luetke-Stahlman, B. (1994) Social Interactions with Regardto Students who are Deaf. Journal of the American Annals of the Deaf. Vol. 140,No. 3 Duff, J., (1981) The Truth About Drugs. Los Angeles, California: BridgePublications, Inc.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Phil. Literature Essay Example

Phil. Literature Paper Four Periods Pre-colonial, spanish, japanese, american period Pre-colonial period riddles, salawikain, folklores, folksongs, chants, stories of creation, legends/origins and epics Spanish period moro-moro and senakulo Japanese period Haiku and Tanaga American Period English language 21st century current century of Anno Domini(AD) era in accordance with the gregorian calendar 21st century began on January 1, 2001 until december 31, 2100 21st century -the first century of the 3rd millenium -3rd current period of 1000 years in the Anno Domino Anno Domino `Latin word for In the year of the Lord C.E Common Era B.C.E Before Common Era *Pre-colonial Literature prior to colonization, Philippines was already brimming with rich tradition of oral literature **Pre-colonial literature marked by our ancestors ancestors daily observation about life, explanation for natural phenomena and begginings of ritual ***Pre-colonial literature function as an explanation for society and culture as they know it to be Forms of Literature in Pre-colonial period proverbs, riddles, folksongs, tales, and epics Proverbs practical observations and philosophy of everyday life that are written usually in a rhyming scheme **Proverbs they are meant to entertain while teaching basic skills in surviving local life ***Proverbs they are called salawikain in Filipino *Riddles they demand an answer and are used to test the wits of those listening to them **Riddles are used in a battle of wits, where locals, young and old join or watch to see who is the smartest ***Riddles -flippant nature (they seem to be referring to something laughable but in reality, the answer is more serious than expected) *Folksongs are beautiful songs that are informal expressions of our ancestors experience in life **Folksongs they range from courtship to lullabies, harvest, funerals and others *Tales are stories of origin for certain places, their names and their creation **Tales also known as myths and legends ***Tales they explain certain events or phenomena in our ancestors live that cannot be explained by the limited practical kind of science they knew back then *Epics are long winded poems about a hero and his adventures and misadventures **Epics tells of a male hero born with all pleasing qualities that our ancestors like in a person and who also has superhuman capabilities ***Epics a hero is paired with a beautiful maiden whom he falls in love with and will usually go to battle for ****Epics supernatural elements are also introduced to show the strength of the hero and his capabilities *Spanish Colonial Philippine Literature focused on the society and culture **Spanish Colonial Philippine Literature centered on the Christian faith and stories about the lives of saints and other religious hymns ***Spanish Colonial Philippine Literature emulated the traditional spanish ways of themes and forms in writing, repetitive plots and shadowy character Forms of Literature in Spanish Period Corrido, awit, pasyon, cencaculo, moro-moro, carillo, tibag, duplo/karagatan, and Zarzuela Corrido is a legendary religious narrative form that usually details the lives of saints or the history of a tradition Awit is a chivalric poem about a hero, usually about a saint and used in religious proccesions Pasyon is a narrative poem about the life of Jesus Chris, from his birth and to his death, which is usually a Lenten season Cenaculo is the dramatization of the passion of Christ. Moro-moro or Comedia de Capa y Espada is a blood and thunder melodrama depicting the conflict between Christians and Muslims Carillo is a play that uses shadows as its main spectacle, created by animating figures made from cardboards Tibag is the dramatic reenactment of St.Helenas search for the holy cross Duplo or Karagatan connected to Catholic mourning rituals and harvest celebrations Zarzuela musical comedies or melodramas, they follow a certain plot which shows either satirical look at society or begrudged life -famous in Spanish Era *American Colonial Period English was introduced as medium of instruction in school **American Colonial Period free verse poetry, short story and the critical essay were introduced ***American Colonial Period literary modernization that highlighted the writers individuality and cultivated consciousness of craft ****American Colonial Period romantic tradition *****American Colonial Period Philippine literature in English flourished Forms of Literature in Japanese Colonial Period Haiku and Tanaga *Japanese Colonial Period interruption in the development of Philippine Literature **Japanese Colonial Period Philippine literature in English com to a halt ***Japanese Colonial Period All newspaper in English were stopped except the Tribune and the Philippine Review ****Japanese Colonial Period Filipino writers in English turned to writing in Filipino *****Japanese Colonial Period Filipino literature was given a break ******Japanese Colonial Period Topic and themes were often about life in the provinces *******Japanese Colonial Period Drama experienced lull because movie houses were closed Haiku a poem of free verse that the japanese like, made up of 17 syllables divided into 3 lines, allegorical in meaning Tanaga like the haiku, is sort but it had measure and rhyme, with 17 syllable in each line, allegorical in meaning Filipino Writers Nick Joaquin Carlos Bulosan Rafael Zulueta de Costa Manuel Juan Laya Nick Joaquin The Woman Who Looked like Lazarus Carlos Bulosan The Laughter of my Father Rafael Zulueta de Costa Like the Moleva Manuel Arguilla How my Brother Leon Brought home a Wife Juan Laya His native Soil *Contemporary Period martial law repressed and curtailed human rights, including freedom of press **Contemporary Period Writers used symbolisms and allegories to drive home their message at the face of heavy censorship ***Contemporary Period Use of native languages as the main tool of literary expression instead of foreign languages ****Contemporary Period poetry, short stories, novels and essays continued to flourish *****Contemporary Period teaching of vernacular literature or literature of the regions ******Contemporary Period post war poetry and fiction was dominated by writers in English educated and trained in writers workshop in the U.S or England *******Contemporary Period oral literature in the outlying communities oral literature it started in pre-colonial period 1887 Publication of Noli Me Tangere 3rd novel of Rizal makamisa Rizal was executed by sedition